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Sunday, February 18, 2018

Two Pancocojams African Language Quizzes (with links to information about these languages)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post presents two African language quizzes. The words that are featured in these quizzes are from the following traditional African languages (given in alphabetical order) Akan, Chichewa (Chewa, Nyanja), Igbo, Kinyarwanda, KiSwahili (Swahili), Lingala, Wolof, Yoruba, and Zulu.

This post also includes statements about the country/countries where these languages originate and links to online information about these languages.

The content of this post is presented for to increase information in the United States and in other non-African nations about traditional African languages.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post.
-snip-
Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/02/five-name-quizzes-from-my-no-longer.html "Five Name Quizzes From My No Longer Active "Alafia Names" Website" for another pancocojams post on Black culture quizzes.
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PANCOCOJAMS AFRICAN LANGUAGES QUIZZES

Instructions: Select the best answer that completes these statements.

The answer code is given below.

Pancocojams African Quiz #001 Words from traditional African languages
`
1. "Ase (ashe)" is a Yoruba word that means
a) aches and pains
b) ashes
c) Africa
d) spiritual force that flows through everything/power

2. "Harambe" is a Swahili language word that means
a)harems
b) All pull together
c) hello
d) celebrate

3. “Waaw” is a Wolof word that means
a) wait
b) yes
c) where
d) when

4. "Kente" is an Akan language word that refers to
a) the name Kenneth
b) a man's religious hat or cap
c) type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven cloth strips
d) ancient African writing

5. In the Igbo language, “chi” means
a) birth
b) teeth
c) long life
d) a guardian angel

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Pancocojams African Quiz #002 Words from traditional African languages

1. "Indaba" is a Zulu word that means
a) beauty
b) Come in
c) a gathering (meeting), business/matter
d) home

2. "Sankofa" is an Akan word that means
a) Come and sing with me
b) it’s never to late to go back and claim it
c) Eat healthy food.
d) Love is the most important thing in life

3. “Ndimakukonda” is a Chichewa word that means
a) I love you
b) What is your name?
c) This is my country
d) Help me please.

4. “Imana” is a Kinyarwanda word that means
a) I’m not
b). God
c) a girl's name that means "faith"
d) food

5. "Tokomonana" is a Lingala word that means
a) You’re welcome
b) tomorrow
c) grandother
d) good bye

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ANSWER CODE FOR #001
1. d
2. b.
3. b.
4. c
5. d

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ANSWER CODE FOR #002
1. c
2. b
3. a
4. b
5. d

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INFORMATION LINKS FOR #001
{Pancocojams Editor: Unless otherwise noted, the pronunciations that are given are how I believe these words are pronounced. Corrections are appreciated.

1.From https://www.omniglot.com/writing/yoruba.htm
"Yoruba (Èdè Yorùbá)
Yoruba is a member of the Volta-Niger branch of the Niger-Congo family of languages. It is spoken by about 28 million people in southwest Nigeria, Benin, Togo, the UK, Brazil and the USA. It is one of the four official languages of Nigeria, along with English, Hausa and Igbo."...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ase_(Yoruba) for information about the Yoruba word "ase". "Ase" is often written as "ashe" in the United States and is pronounced "ah-SHAY". Among afrocentric Black people in the United States, ashe is an exclamation that has a similar meaning as "Amen!" For example, the words "ashe ashe" are part of the lyrics for the African American originated "African" song "Funga Alafia". CLick http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2011/11/real-history-of-funga-alafia-fanga-song.html for a pancocojams post entitled "The Funga Alafia (Fanga) Song - Part 1"

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2.From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swahili_language
"Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language[7]), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people. It is a lingua franca of the African Great Lakes region and other parts of eastern and south-eastern Africa, including Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Mozambique, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).[8] Comorian, spoken in the Comoros Islands is sometimes considered to be a dialect of Swahili, though other authorities consider it a distinct language.[9]"..

Click https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Harambe for information about the Swahili word "harambe".

Also, click https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harambee for more information. Note that the correct Swahili spelling for this word is "harambe".[pronunciation hah-RAHM-bay]

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3. From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wolof_language
"Wolof is a language of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people. Like the neighbouring languages Serer and Fula, it belongs to the Senegambian branch of the Niger–Congo language family. Unlike most other languages of the Niger-Congo family, Wolof is not a tonal language."...

Also, click https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_words_of_Niger-Congo_origin for a list of English words that originated in Niger-Congo languages or other African languages.

Here's information about the Wolof word "waaw" from https://jangawolof.wordpress.com/2012/06/18/basic-phrases/
"Yes. [English]
Waaw. / Oui. [Wolof/French]
[pronounciation] wow / wee"
-snip-
Note: I added the words in brackets to this quote.

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4.
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akan_language
"Akan is a Central Tano language that is the principal native language of the Akan people of Ghana, spoken over much of the southern half of that country, by about 58% of the population, and among 30% of the population of Ivory Coast....

Three dialects have been developed as literary standards with distinct orthographies: Asante, Akuapem (together called Twi), and Fante, which, despite being mutually intelligible, were inaccessible in written form to speakers of the other standards....

The language came to the Caribbean and South America, notably in Suriname spoken by the Ndyuka and in Jamaica by the Jamaican Maroons known as Coromantee, with enslaved people from the region. The descendants of escaped slaves in the interior of Suriname and the Maroons in Jamaica still use a form of this language, including Akan names: children are named after the day of the week on which they are born, e.g. Akwasi/Kwasi (for a boy) or Akosua (girl) born on a Sunday. In Jamaica and Suriname the Anansi spider stories are well known."...

Also, click https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kente_cloth for information about "Kente". Here's a brief excerpt from that website:
""Kente, known as nwentom in Akan, is a type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven cloth strips and is native to the Akan ethnic group of South Ghana. Kente is made in Akan lands such as Ashanti Kingdom, (Bonwire, Adanwomase, Sakora Wonoo, Ntonso in the Kwabre areas of the Ashanti Region) It is also worn by many other groups who have been influenced by Akans. Kente comes from the word kenten, which means basket in Akan dialect Asante. Akans refer to kente as nwentoma, meaning woven cloth. It is an Akan royal and sacred cloth worn only in times of extreme importance and was the cloth of kings. Over time, the use of kente became more widespread. However, its importance has remained and it is held in high esteem with Akans. The Ewe people especially those from Agortime-Kpetoe of Ghana also claim that, Kente which they also refer to as Agbamevor has always been their traditional cloth."...

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5. From http://aboutworldlanguages.com/igbo
Igbo (Asụsụ Igbo), or Ibo , one of the largest languages of West Africa, is spoken by 18 million people in Nigeria. It belongs to the Benue-Congo group of the Niger-Congo language family. The language is thought to have originated around the 9th century AD in the area near the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers, and then spread over a wide area of southeastern Nigeria.

Status
Igbo is one of the official languages of Nigeria. It is spoken in the Southern Delta states of Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo, as well as in the northeast of the Delta state and in the southeast of the Rivers state. In the states of Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo, Igbo is the main language of trade and commerce. It is used in mass media communication such as radio and television in the southern Delta region.

Although Igbo is taught at all levels in eastern Nigerian schools, English remains the principal literary language of the country while remains a spoken and colloquial language. Reading and writing in Igbo is not very widespread. In many urban areas, Igbo is often replaced by Nigerian Pidgin English. Igbo speakers are typically bilingual in English."...
-snip-
Click http://www.nairaland.com/1501884/what-does-igbo-notion-personal "What Does The Igbo Notion Of "Your Personal CHI" Represent? - Culture - Nairaland" for a Nigerian discussion thread about the Igbo philosophical concept "chi".
-snip-
Note: I believe that the Igbo word "chi" is pronounced the same as or very similar to the English word "she".

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INFORMATION LINKS FOR #002
{Pancocojams Editor: Unless otherwise noted, the pronunciations that are given are how I believe these words are pronounced. Corrections are appreciated.

1. From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zulu_language
"Zulu (Zulu: isiZulu) is the language of the Zulu people, with about 10 million speakers, the vast majority (over 95%) of whom live in South Africa. Zulu is the most widely spoken home language in South Africa (24% of the population), and it is understood by over 50% of its population.[5] It became one of South Africa's 11 official languages in 1994.

According to Ethnologue,[6][not in citation given (See discussion.)] it is the second most widely spoken of the Bantu languages, after Shona. Like many other Bantu languages, it is written with the Latin alphabet.

In South African English, the language is often referred to by using its native form, isiZulu."...
-snip-
Click http://1000mostcommonwords.com/1000-most-common-zulu-words/ [#234] for the definition for the Zulu word "indaba".
-snip-
Here's information about the Zulu word "indaba":
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indaba
"An indaba (pronounced in-dah-bah[missing stress][1]) is an important conference held by the izinDuna (principal men) of the Zulu or Xhosa peoples of South Africa.[2] (Such meetings are also practiced by the Swazi, who refer to them using the close cognate indzaba.) Indabas may include only the izinDuna of a particular community, or they may be held with representatives of other communities.[2]

The term comes from a Zulu language word meaning "business" or "matter".[3]

Current usage
The term has found widespread use throughout Southern Africa and often simply means gathering or meeting. It is also used in the Scouting movement. The World Scout Indaba was a gathering of Scout leaders."...
-snip-
I think "indaba" is pronounced in-DAH-bah.

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2. "Sankofa" [san-KOH-fah] is an Akan word. Read #4 in the Information links section for #001 for information about the Akan language.

Here's information about Sankofa from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sankofa
"Sankofa is a word in the Twi language of Ghana that translates to "Go back and get it" (san - to return; ko - to go; fa - to fetch, to seek and take) and also refers to the Asante Adinkra symbol represented either with a stylized heart shape or by a bird with its head turned backwards carrying a precious egg in its mouth. Sankofa is often associated with the proverb, “Se wo were fi na wosankofa a yenkyi," which translates as: "It is not wrong to go back for that which you have forgotten."[1]

In addition to being used on adinkra cloth in Ghana, the Sankofa heart is a common design on gates in the United States, particularly New York City. In Brooklyn, the Sankofa heart is commonly upside down on gates to Brownstone residential buildings.

The sankofa bird appears frequently in traditional Akan art, and has also been adopted as an important symbol in an African-American and African Diaspora context to represent the need to reflect on the past to build a successful future. It is one of the most widely dispersed adinkra symbols, appearing in modern jewelry, tattoos, and clothing."...

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3. Here's information about the Chichewa language:
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chewa_language
"Chewa, also known as Nyanja, is a language of the Bantu language family. The noun class prefix chi- is used for languages,[4] so the language is usually called Chichewa and Chinyanja (spelled Cinyanja in Zambia, and Cinianja in Mozambique). In Malawi, the name was officially changed from Chinyanja to Chichewa in 1968 at the insistence of President Hastings Kamuzu Banda (himself of the Chewa tribe), and this is still the name most commonly used in Malawi today.[5] In Zambia, Chewa is spoken by other people like the Ngoni and the Kunda, so a more neutral name, Chinyanja '(language) of the lake' (referring to Lake Malawi), is used instead of Chichewa."...
-snip-
Click https://www.tripsavvy.com/say-i-love-you-in-africa-1454071 for the meaning of the Chichewa word “Ndimakukonda”.
-snip-
I don't know how "Ndimakukonda" is pronounced.

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4. Here's information about the Kinyarwanda langauge:
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinyarwanda
"Kinyarwanda is one of the four official languages of Rwanda (along with English, French and Kiswahili) and is spoken by almost all of the native population. That contrasts with most modern African states, whose borders were drawn by colonial powers and do not correspond to ethnic boundaries or precolonial kingdoms.[5]....
-snip-
Also, click http://gordanondera.wikispaces.com/Kinyarwanda+phrases for a list of Kinyarwanda words including the word "Imana".
-snip-
I believe that "Imana" is pronounced E-MAN-ah.

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5. Here's information about the Lingala:
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingala
"Lingala (Ngala) is a Bantu language spoken throughout the northwestern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and a large part of the Republic of the Congo, as well as to some degree in Angola and the Central African Republic. It has over 10 million speakers."...
-snip-
Click http://www.17-minute-world-languages.com/en/lingala/ for a list of Lingala words including
-snip-
I'm not sure how "tokomonana" is pronounced, but if you use the most common way that words are pronounced in English (with the stress on the next to the last syllable), that Lingala word be pronounced "toh-koh-moh-NAH-nah".

Note that the Lingala word "tokomonana" is very similar to the Swahili word "tutaonana" which also means "goodbye".
http://swahili_english.enacademic.com/15049/tutaonana

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Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

Friday, February 16, 2018

Migos- "Stir Fry" (sound file, dance challenge video,+ lyrics, and some explanations of the meaning of these lyrics)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This post provides information about Migos, showcases a sound file of the song "Stir Fry", provides the lyrics to that song, and provides explanations for some of the song's lyrics.

This post also showcases one YouTube example of clips from "Stir Fry" dance challenge videos.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, etymological, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to the composers of this song, the members of Migos and Pharrell L. Williams. Thanks also to Migos for performing this song. Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post, thanks to those featured in this video, and thanks to the publisher of this sound file and this video on YouTube.

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INFORMATION ABOUT MIGOS
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Migos
"Migos is an American hip hop trio from Lawrenceville, Georgia, formed in 2009.[1] The trio is composed of three rappers, known by their stage names Quavo, Offset, and Takeoff. The group's name is a reference to the Georgia drug trade, where a "migos" is an abandoned house used for production or consumption of drugs.[2]

Migos was formed in 2009, by Quavo (born Quavious Keyate Marshall),[9] Takeoff (born Kirshnik Khari Ball),[10] and Offset (born Kiari Kendrell Cephus),[11] originally known as Polo Club and from Lawrenceville, Georgia. The three members are directly related and were raised together; Quavo is Takeoff's uncle, and Offset is Quavo's cousin.[12] The three of them grew up together in Gwinnett County, a mostly suburban area half an hour northeast of Atlanta. "I ain't going to sit here like, 'My neighborhood was hard, and I had to get out there and grind.' We made it hard for ourselves. We chose to stay on the streets," Quavo said.[13] The group released their first full-length project, a mixtape titled Juug Season, on August 25, 2011. They followed with the mixtape No Label on June 1, 2012.

[...]

On October 27, Migos officially released "MotorSport", the lead single of their second studio album Culture II, along with Cardi B and Nicki Minaj.[56] The second single, "Stir Fry", was released on December 20, 2017 on the official Migos YouTube channel. The song is produced by Pharrell Williams.[57]. The song is will be used for the 2018 NBA All-Star Weekend. [58]”...
-snip-
This sentence is given in italics to highlight it.

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SHOWCASE YOUTUBE EXAMPLES
[WARNING: This sound includes the word "ni&&a" and the word "sh&t*".

I didn't showcase the video of this song on this blog because of its violent content.]

Example #1: Migos - Stir Fry (Audio)



MigosVEVO, Published on Dec 20, 2017

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Example #2: Stir Fry Challenge Dance Compilation #stirfrychallenge #stirfrydance



One Challenge, Published on Feb 5, 2018

Stir Fry Challenge Dance Compilation #stirfrychallenge #stirfrydance

Best musical.ly, dubsmash, instagram and flipagram Stir Fry Challenge Compilation and lit dance.

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PANCOCOJAMS EDITOR'S NOTE ABOUT THIS SONG'S LYRICS
Pancocojams is a family centered blog and therefore doesn't fully spell out words that I consider to be offensive and r that are profanity. Migos' "Stir Fry" has two words in those categories which are noted by asterisks.

Also, note that some lyrics in this song refer to illegal drugs, refer to drug activity, include an offensive reference to females, and includes references to sex.

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LYRICS:
(composers: Migos (Kiari Kendrell Cephas, Kirsnick Khari Ball, & Wuavious Keyate Marshall), and Pharrell L. Williams)

[Intro: Quavo]
Woo, woo, woo, woo
Woo, woo, woo, woo

[Verse 1: Quavo]
Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (wroof)
Trap ni&&a* with the chickens like Popeye's (Popeye's)
Money changin' colors like tie-dye (tie-dye)
I'm just tryna get it, I ain't tryna die (no)
She got a big ol' onion booty, make the world cry (cry)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
Hold them bands down (hey), hold your mans down (hey)
Who told you come around? (Who?), this that trap sound (trap)
Designer, clothes (clothes), fashion, shows (shows)
Trap, house (house), made of, gold (gold)
Control the bag now (control it) no need to brag now (no need)
Ayy, put the mask down (mask), we livin' fast now (fast)
Finest, hoes (finest), wrist, froze (hoes)
We can, go (we can), coast to, coast (coast)

[Chorus: Quavo]
Keep watchin' me whip up
Still be real and famouuuuus, yeah
Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (woo, woo, woo, wroof)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)

[Verse 2: Offset]
Offset!
Gon' whip it, intermission, let the birds fly (brrr)
I get money, tunnel vision through my third eye (money)
In that skillet, watch me flip it like it's Five Guys (flip it)
Look at my pilgrim, check out the ceilin', look at the blue sky (skrrt)
Icy Patek, check, yeah, boogers, they sit on my neck (ice)
I don't regret sh&t, yeah, I'm paid and I don't got a debt (hah)
You crawl 'fore you walk, you can ball every week
For my dogs 'hind the wall, we gon' ball when you free (ball)
Stop watchin' me, democracy, you wanna copy me (you watchin')
Life's Monopoly, go cop me some land and some property (property)
AP, Rolls (Rolls), pink diamonds, whoa (whoa)
Whip up the soda, diamonds off the Royce (hey)

[Chorus: Quavo]
Keep watchin' me whip up
Still be real and famouuuuus, yeah
Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (wroof)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (wroof)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)

[Verse 3: Takeoff]
In the kitchen, curry chicken, call it stir fry
Takeoff, I'm the bird keeper, let the birds fly
Why you tryna take my prize? You a dead guy
Of course, I gotta keep a watch out through my bird eye
No casket, drop dead fresh and I got dead guys
Don't discriminate, ball players come in all sizes
Finger roll, post move or the pick and roll
They mad the way we win, they think we used a cheat code
Why you keep lookin' at me?
I feel like ni&&as* got static
It must be the Patek
Pockets blue cheese, I'm in the kitchen

[Chorus: Quavo]
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
Keep watchin' me whip up
Still be real and famouuuuus, yeah
Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (wroof)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (whip it)
In the kitchen, wrist twistin' like it's stir fry (wroof)

online source: https://genius.com/Migos-stir-fry-lyrics
-snip-
*These words are fully spelled out in these lyrics.

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SOME EXPLANATIONS FOR THESE LYRICS
These explanations are gleaned from various online sources and/or from my own sense of what these lyrics mean.

Note that a word or phrase in this song can have more than one meaning at the same time. This is similar to, but not that same thing as "coded meanings" (for instance in some African American Spirituals) in which a socially correct meaning could be given to a word to hide what was really meant).

Additions and corrections are welcome for these lyrics explanations.

These explanations are given in order of their use in the song and are numbered of referencing purposes only.

General note about this song:
From http://www.songfacts.com/detail.php?id=44391
"The second track to be released from Culture II, this finds Migos dropping a number of fast food references as they flaunt their status as innovators and wealth-makers.

Dance with my dogs in the nighttime (wroof)
Trap ni&&a with the chickens like Popeye's (Popeye's)
Money changin' colors like tie-dye (tie-dye)

Quavo, Offset and Take Off also touch on the trio's usual topics of cash, girls, luxuries and drugs.
The song title comes from Quavo's catchy hook in which he compares the Chinese cooking technique to making crack; whipping the wrist to combine ingredients."

**
Some Specific Explanations

1. dogs
From https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-various-meanings-of-dog-when-used-in-slang
"...(c) [1990s+] (also dawg, dogg) a close friend.
(d) [1990s+] (also dogg) a general term of address, usu. between men"...

**
2. "trap ni&&a" - a man (usually specifically a Black man) who is known to be in "traps" and/or in neighborhoos where "traps" are located

read https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trap_music
Trap music is a subgenre that originated during the 1990s from Reggeaton in Puerto Rico.[1][2] It is typified by its ominous lyrics and sound that incorporate double or triple-time division hi-hats,[3] heavy kick drums from a Roland TR-808 synthesizer, layered synthesizers, and "cinematic" strings.[4][5] The term "trap" initially referred to places where drug deals take place. In recent years it has been incorporated with electronic dance music (EDM) by artists who have remixed and made trap songs with more EDM-like aspects.[6]
Stylistic origins:
Southern hip hop
crunk
hardcore hip hop
-snip-
Italics are added to highlight this sentence. Notice that this vernacular meaning of "trap" has the same meaning as the word "migos".

Also, read https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Trap%20Music for more information about Trap music".

**
3. chicken
https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=chicken

chicken
3) - An attractive woman with thighs and breasts (like a real chicken)
by Chris December 27, 2003

**
chicken
A kilogram of cocain. Dealers started calling kilos "birds" which then evolved into "chicken."
Person 1) How much you got left?

Person 2) A quarter chicken.

by DEKE April 11, 2005

**
chickens
Kilograms of cocaine
birds,half a wing,everything that has to do with birds usually means kilo of coke when a rapper says it in a wierd way
Big Meech got in the box for 30 years for movin chickens.

I'm bout to ship a couple chickens for 17.5 each
#birds#somethin thats not birds#ljlj#mojjm#flajl
by ATLant4 December 07, 2007

**
5. Popeyes - a fast food chain that specializes in chicken

**
6. tie-dye - a method of creating different color designs on cotton or other fabrics
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tie-dyehttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tie-dye
...The process of tie-dye typically consists of folding, twisting, pleating, or crumpling fabric or a garment and binding with string or rubber bands, followed by application of dye(s). The manipulations of the fabric prior to application of dye are called resists, as they partially or completely prevent the applied dye from coloring the fabric.

[...]

Tie-dye techniques have also been used for centuries in the Hausa region of West Africa, with renowned indigo dye pits located in and around Kano, Nigeria. The tie-dyed clothing is then richly embroidered in traditional patterns. It has been suggested that these African techniques were the inspiration for the tie-dyed garments identified with hippie fashion.[11]

Tie-dyeing was known in the US by 1909, when Professor Charles E. Pellow of Columbia University acquired some samples of tie-dyed muslin and subsequently gave a lecture and live demonstration of the technique.[12]"...

**
7. onion booty = a woman's butt that is shaped like an onion

**
8. stir fry
From http://www.songfacts.com/detail.php?id=44391
"The song title comes from Quavo's catchy hook in which he compares the Chinese cooking technique to making crack; whipping the wrist to combine ingredients."

**
From http://www.dictionary.com/browse/stir-fry
"verb (used with object), stir-fried, stir-frying.

to cook (food) quickly by cutting into small pieces and stirring constantly in a lightly oiled wok or frying pan over high heat: a common method of Chinese cookery.
-snip-
"Stir fry" is also a noun which refers to food cooked this way

**
9. trap sound [read explanation #2]

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10. Trap, house [read explanation #2]

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11. finest - most attractive

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12. hoes - whores, and/or fast women; women who willingly engage in sex

**
13. froze hoes- may refer to expensive "hoes"; note "Froze" may refer to "ice" which refers to diamonds

**
14. Gon' whip it,
a drug activity reference, but in the context of dance challenges, [also] refers to dancing, i.e. twisting one's wrist, waist, or hips as in multiple contemporary Hip Hop/R&B songs such as the song 2016 "Whip The Nae Nae" and such as the 2004 R&B song "Let Me See You Whip It"

**
15. let the birds fly - [read explanation #3]

**
16. third eye
From http://www.chakra-anatomy.com/third-eye-chakra.html
"The Third Eye Chakra transcends time. It is located in the brain, at the brow, above the base of the nose.

The gift of this chakra is seeing - both inner and outer worlds."...

**
17. Five Guys- a fast food chain

**
18.Look at my pilgrim = I think this is a vernacular referent for a sexually promiscuous man's penis

**
19. Icy Patek,
icy - from one of the vernacular meaning for "ice": expensive jewelry, usually in the form of diamonds

Patek
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patek_Philippe_%26_Co.
"Patek Philippe & Co. is a Swiss watch manufacturer founded in 1851, located in Geneva and the Vallée de Joux. It designs and manufactures timepieces and movements, including some of the most complicated mechanical watches. It is considered by many experts and aficionados to be one of the most prestigious watch manufacturers.[7]"

**
20. check - [in the context of these lyrics] - a word that is said when you've checked off something from a list [because you have it or because you've done it]

**
21. boogers= an insulting term for a person, short form of "hoodboogers"
From https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=hood%20booger
"hoodbooger
A term used to describe young, thug kids from areas where crime is stereotypically high.
While I was working, some hoodbooger was trying to steal a digital camera, but I caught him.
#thug #hudbooger #gangbanger #street #hood"
by indolentphil January 11, 2008

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22. ball = enjoy yourself, have a great time, party [verb]

**
23. For my dogs 'hind the wall, we gon' ball when you free (ball)= for my friends who are locked up in prison/jail, we're going to have a great time enjoying ourselves when you are released

**
24. democracy = in the context of these lyrics I think this word means White folks; i.e. members of the majority culture in the United States "democracy"; I think this sentence is Migros warning against trying to copy or culturally appropriate their song/s

**
25. Monopoly
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monopoly_(game)
"Monopoly is a board game where players roll two six-sided dice to move around the game-board buying and trading properties, and develop them with houses and hotels. . Money can also be gained or lost through Chance and Community Chest cards, and tax squares; players can end up in jail, which they cannot move from until they have met one of several conditions."...

**
26. Takeoff, I'm the bird keeper, let the birds fly
"Takeoff" is the stage name of one of members of Migos; read the explanations for #3

**
27. ball players - in the context of these lyrics, means people involved in playing the game of life or more specifically the game of hustling in the 'hood

**
28. Finger roll, post move or the pick and roll- these lyrics may refer to throwing dice [?]

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29. "got static" - "get in trouble" (aren't clearly heard; are discriminated against)

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30. pocket blue cheese
https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Blue%20Cheese
"blue cheese
the 2013 version of the hundred dollar bill with the blue stripe
I got a pocketful of new hundreds that blue cheese
#blue#cheese#100#detroit#bylug"
by Ong Bak February 12, 2015

**
31. in the kitchen - in the context of this song "in the kitchen" means that the person is heavily involved in making "dough" (money); albeit illegally ; also read the explanation for #8 [i.e. cooking is usually done in the kitchen]

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Thursday, February 15, 2018

A Sound File & A Video Of The Gospel Song "God's Trying To Tell You Something" From "The Color Purple" Movie (with lyrics)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams provides information about The Color Purple book and movie and showcases the Gospel song "God's Tryin To Tell You Something" as featured in the movie The Color Purple.

The content of this post is presented for cultural, inspirational, motivational, religious, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyright remains with their owners.

Thanks to Andrae Crouch, the composer of this song and thanks to all those who are featured in these videos. Thanks also to the author of The Color Purple and its movie and thanks to publishers of these two clips on YouTube.

This pancocojams post is dedicated to all those who have lost their lives in gun violence in the United States. Rest in peace.

Yesterday's (Feb. 14, 2018) shooting at a Florida high school was the 18th school shooting in the United States in 2018.

It is long past time to DO SOMETHING about the widespread availability of assault weapons and the relative inaccessibility of mental health treatment in the United States.

Since Republicans have long fought against gun control and support the decrease in funding for mental health support services, one important step is to remember to vote Democratic in November 2018's elections to replace those in office who just offer "thoughts and prayers" to the families of the victims of these gun tragedies and offer up meaningless statements that "it's too soon to talk about gun violence" every time a gun tragedy happens.

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INFORMATION ABOUT "THE COLOR PURPLE"
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Color_Purple
"The Color Purple is a 1982 epistolary novel by American author Alice Walker who won the 1983 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the National Book Award for Fiction.[1][a] It was later adapted into a film and musical of the same name.

Taking place mostly in rural Georgia, the story focuses on the life of African-American women in the Southern United States in the 1930s, addressing numerous issues including their exceedingly low position in American social culture.

[...]

The Color Purple won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1983, making Walker the first woman of color to win the prize.[5][6] Walker also won the National Book Award for Fiction in 1983.[7] Mel Watkins of the New York Times Book Review wrote that it is a "striking and consummately well-written novel," praising its powerful emotional impact and epistolary structure.[8]

While the novel has garnered critical acclaim, it has also been the subject of controversy. It is 17th on the American Library Association's list of most frequently challenged or banned books.[9] Commonly cited justications for banning the book include sexual explicitness, explicit language, violence, and homosexuality.[10] The book received greater scrutiny amidst controversy surrounding the release of the film adaptation in 1985.[11] The controversy centered around the depiction of black men, which some critics saw as feeding stereotypical narratives of black male violence, while others found the representation compelling and relatable.[12]

[...]

The novel was adapted into a film of the same name in 1985. It was directed by Steven Spielberg and stars Whoopi Goldberg as Celie, Danny Glover as Albert, and Oprah Winfrey as Sofia. Though nominated for eleven Academy Awards, it won none. This perceived snubbing ignited controversy because many critics considered it the best picture that year,[14] including Roger Ebert.[15]."...

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SHOWCASE EXAMPLES
Example #1: God is trying to tell you somethin(The Color Purple)



qwertyuiop205, Published on Aug 3, 2008

this song is one of the greaset hits of all of america for the the best selling song.

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Example #2: The Color Purple: God Is Trying To Tell You Something



ADB, Published on Oct 14, 2012

This is the song "God Is Trying To Tell You Something", as performed in the movie "The Color Purple". The vocals for the lead singer "Shug" are performed by singer Tata Vega.
-snip-
Here are selected comments from this video's discussion thread that explain this scene (These comments are numbered for referencing purposes only:
1. SpikedHoney, 2013
"What always got me was that the folks were straight CHILLIN' at the Juke Joint EARLY on Sunday morning. At least creep in during the afternoon."

**
REPLY
2. Karimah Abdul-Mani, 2017
SpikedHoney
were probably there all night. lol. smh."
-snip-
smh= [a saying not an actual action meaning] "shake my head" (in exasperation, annoyance, and/or some other emotion/s)

**
3. Jaime Knoble, 2016
"Always wondered, is the girl singing lead in the church choir Shug's child that her parents raised?"

**
REPLY
4. westnar1
"Yes that's Shug's oldest child"
-snip-
"Shug" is an African American affectionate nickname (for a female or male). The nickname is a clip of the word "sugar".

**
5. nyrockchicxx, 2017
"I always feel that at one time Shug was that young girl in the choir singing lead, but she had so much fire in her to live life she had to sing in clubs, yet never did she forget those gospel roots, which lead her back to her father. That choir is awesome too.
A great song. A great scene."

**
REPLY
6. Michelle Williams, 2016
"I definitely agree and I believe you caught the moral of the story."

**
REPLY
7. Michelle Williams, 2016
"I felt the father pushed her away because she left the church, had a child and wasn't married which is the girl singing lead in the choir"

**
REPLY
8. nyrockchicxx
"Well yes. Her father was the morally upright preacher, and his daughter was some sinner! In the book she has 2 children (by Mister no less), unmarried, that she leaves behind with the preacher & his wife, while she goes off & carouses around town, drinks, uses her God given talent to sing in juke joints, and then to the big city before she returns, and this scene."

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LYRICS: GOD IS TRYING TO TELL YOU SOMETHING
(composer Andrae Crouch)

Yes, yes, yes, yes
Lord, yes
Oh, yes
My soul, my soul says yes

If I were you
I would say yes, speak
Lord
Speak to me
Oh, Speak, Lord
Won't you speak to me?
I was so blind, I was so lost until you spoke to me
Oh, speak, Lord
Speak, Lord
And hear my mind,
Oh, with your word, heal my soul
Oh, speak, Lord
Speak to me. Speak, my Lord
I love you, Lord
Save my soul

Can't sleep at night and you wonder why
Maybe God is trying to tell you something
Crying all night long, something's gone wrong
Maybe God is trying to tell you something

Oh, you can't sleep at night and you sure wonder why
Maybe god is trying to tell you something

Trying, trying, trying, trying, I'm trying, I'm trying, I'm trying
Maybe God is trying to tell you something (repeat 4x)

Lord, He's got to tell you something (repeat 2x)

I hear you, Lord
Maybe God is trying to tell you right now, right now
I'm gonna praise your name
I praise your name
Speak to me, Lord
Maybe God is trying to tell you something right now, right now,
Right now
Thank you, Lord
Maybe God is trying to tell you something right now
Right now, right now
Thank you, Lord...

online source: https://www.lyricsondemand.com/t/tatavegalyrics/godistryingtotellyousomethinglyrics.html

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Wednesday, February 14, 2018

Three YouTube Tutorial Videos About Fulani Braids (with selected viewer comments)

Edited by Azizi Powell

This is Part IV in a four part pancocojams series that provides information about African originated or African inspired braided hairstyles for females.

This post presents excerpts from several online articles about Black females' braided hairstyles that are inspired by Fulani and/or other African culture. Selected comments from one of these articles are also included in this post.

Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/02/five-youtube-examples-of-african.html for Part I of this series. Part I includes my transcription Of a November 1979 Ebony Magazine article about the emerging popularity among African American adults of unadorned braids or braids with beads. Part I also showcase several videos of African American performing artists wearing their hair in braids with beads, cowrie shells, and/or other ornaments.

Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/02/more-examples-of-fulani-african-female.html for Part II of this series. Part II presents excerpts from several online articles about Fulani (African) culture and showcases videos about Fulani culture with special focus on Fulani females' beaded hairstyles. The Addendum to that post showcases a video of Nigerian Afrobeats singer Yemi Alade wearing her hair in one of the traditional Fulani hairstyles for women.

Click http://pancocojams.blogspot.com/2018/02/excerpts-from-several-online-articles.html for Part III of this series. Part III presents excerpts from several online articles about Black females' braided hairstyles that are inspired by Fulani and/or other African culture. Selected comments from one of these articles are also included in this post.

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The content of this post is presented for cultural and tutorial purposes.

All copy rights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all of those whose tutorials are featured in this post and thanks to all those who quoted in this post.

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PANCOCOJAMS EDITOR'S NOTE
The term "Fulani braids" that has been used since around 2016 in the United States and probably elsewhere refers to a number of different braided hairstyles for Black females that have beads and/or other ornaments added to the braids. These hairstyles are said to be inspired by the Fulani ethnic group of West Africa and the Sahel.*

As used in the United States, "Fulani braids" hairstyles are said to be inspired by traditional Fulani hairstyles for females, but aren't necessarily the same as those traditional hairstyles. One significant difference is that traditional Fulani braids are much shorter than the length of braids in the United States.

These braided with beads hairstyles have sometimes also been referred to as "Alicia Keys braids", after the African American R&B/Soul singer and pianist who popularized that hairstyle in the video of her 2001 hit record "Fallin'". However, hairstyles that are braided with or without beads, cowrie shells, and/or other ornaments has long been a custom for Black girls in the United States and throughout much of the world. Furthermore, a few African American performing artists have worn long braids with beads since the mid 1970s.
-snip-
*"The Sahel part of Africa includes (from west to east) parts of northern Senegal, southern Mauritania, central Mali, northern Burkina Faso, the extreme south of Algeria, Niger, the extreme north of Nigeria, central Chad, central and southern Sudan, the extreme north of South Sudan, Eritrea, Cameroon, Central African Republic and extreme north of Ethiopia.

Historically, the western part of the Sahel was sometimes known as the Sudan region.[5] This belt was roughly located between the Sahara and the coastal areas of West Africa." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sahel

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SHOWCASE YOUTUBE EXAMPLES
These showcased tutorial videos were selected relatively at random from a number of other similar tutorials.

These videos and most of the other Black hair care/hair styling tutorial YouTube videos that I've viewed are from the United States.

Notice that "Fulani braids" is a collective term for different types of braided hairstyles with beads and/or other ornaments.

Example #1: Yemi Alade inspired detailed hair tutorial. #3/5 Fulani ***Must See ! ***



Hair By Habiba, Published on Sep 15, 2016

BLOG: http://www.habibatunaumd.com/

I am so excited to share this video with you inspired by Yemi Alade and her music video "Ferrari". This hairstyle is also inspired by the Fulani people of Africa found through out west and Central Africa. In fact most of them live in Northern Nigeria where my father is from. As a child most Hausa girls had Fulani outfits and I was no exception. I remember dancing on stage with other girls dressed up as Fulani milk maids. Often Fulani women wear beads, cowry shells or even silver coins in their hair.

I love Yemi Alade, her Afro pop music and her style. Clearly her music has crossed over to not only Nigerian's but to other African countries and to the world! If you don't know her music you are missing out! check her out.
Also I want to thank my beautiful daughter Mariam ( age 14) for being such a sport as my hair model. Thanks for indulging me (-:

This is #3 of 5 videos that I plan to make inspired by Yemi Alade. Make sure you check out the rest. Also find me on Face book, Twitter & Instagram. Links above. xoxo-Habiba
-snip-
Here's information about "Hair By Habiba" from the "about me" page of her blog:
"I am an American doctor and graduate of Cornell University, Ithaca, New York where I was an independent theater major with a premedicine concentration. I obtained my medical degree from the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina and completed my residency at New York-Presbyterian / Lower Manhattan Hospital (formerly NYU Downtown Hospital). After working at a traditional group practice in upstate New York, I established a private solo practice in North Carolina for the past ten years.

I was born in London, England, and lived my formative years in Nigeria, West Africa prior to immigrating to the United States at the age of 15. I am of West Indian and Nigerian descent. I currently live in North Carolina with my husband of twenty-two years and three children."... http://www.habibatunaumd.com/about-me/
-snip-
Nigerian Afrobeats singer Yemi Alade wore this traditional Fulani female hairstyle in the video for her song "Ferrari". That video is included in Part II of this pancocojams series.

Here are selected comments from this tutorial video's discussion thread (I've numbered these comments for referencing purposes only).

1. n M, 2016
"You represent my people well. Thank you beautiful"

**
2. Lolo tianamsh, 2016
"what is your ethnicity and nationality"

**
REPLY
3. Hair By Habiba
"I am an American whose father is Nigerian & mother is Jamaican. I consider myself multicultural and simply Black"

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4. Abdoul Barry, 2017
"Hair By Habiba
God bless u sister
I am fulani from Guinea Fouta jallon"

**
5. KeeNa Makiba, 2017
"How would someone with 4C or 4B hair achieve be this look with not having long hair like ur daughter?"

**
REPLY
6. Hair By Habiba, 2017
"Just use some kinky textured extensions or even Marley hair ! Hope this helps 😀"

**
REPLY
7. KeeNa Makiba, 2017
"Hair By Habiba
Ok thank u very much ..I have very short hair and I love this video very much very helpful ..I'm going to try this style for a concert...I'm just starting out natural hair style..so this style will be my first!"
-snip-
These comments document the way that some Black people are reclaiming the word "kinky" which once was (and often still is) considered a very negative descriptor of [a lot of] Black people's hair type (texture). "Kinky" means "full of tight curls" (In my opinion, tightly curled is probably a more socially acceptable way for people-especially non-Black people - to refer to this hair type. 4b and 4c are the most tightly coiled (curled) hair. Note that people (like me) can have more than one type of hair in different parts of their head. For instance, some strands of my hair in the front and the sides are relatively straight and the rest of my hair is tightly curled. So maybe my hair types are 3b or 4a and 4b. By he way, I didn't know about my hair texture (We used to call it "grade of hair") until I began wearing my hair naturally (in an Afro) when I was 17 years old.

I think the hair type of the girl in this video has 3a or 3b or 3c hair.

Click https://www.curlcentric.com/hair-typing-system/ and http://www.curlynikki.com/2012/08/decoding-hair-texture-hair-typing.html for two articles about hair typing systems.

**
"Marley Hair" is a specific brand of fake hair that is sold for extensions (weaves).

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Example #2: FULANI BRAIDS & BEADS WITH BOX BRAIDS || DETAILED TUTORIAL



LavishlyBritt, Published on Jul 31, 2017
-snip-
Here are selected comments from this tutorial video's discussion thread (I've numbered these comments for referencing purposes only).
1. AnneEsther, 2017
"what is fulani braid"

**
REPLY
2. margine louis, 2017
"a braiding style originating from the fulani people who live in west africa"

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3. silkyturtles, 2017
"An underhand braid is when you cross the strands underneath each other (ie. dutch braid, cornrows) whereas an overhand braid is where you cross the strands over each other (i.e. a french braid)! So in this video you just did underhand braids the whole time. hope that helps !"

**
4. hauwa bashir, 2017
"this trend is actually my cultural braid"

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5. Shamicka White, 2017
"Shout out to you for being self sufficient, and saving yourself $250 ✊🏾👏🏾🙌🏾"
-snip-
"Shout out" here means "Congratualtions"

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6. Michelle Asonye, 2018
"Is this hair heavy? Bc I will be running track and I don't want hair holding me back."

**
REPLY
7. LavishlyBritt, 2018
"No. It wasn’t heavy to me. I ran track so I definitely understand not wanting something heavy. If you can wear box braids and Senegalese twist with no problem then these should be no different"

**
8. Ali Umar, 2017
"Fulani"

**
9. Ali Umar, 2017
"Also you look like people in westafrica"

**
10. JasMarlena1, 2017
"You are BEAUTIFUL! You look like a queen! Your natural hair looks very healthy too❤"

**
11. Beautifully Eboni, 2017
"Is it weird that parting my hair is the ONLY issue I have with braiding my own hair. I can't part did my life. It'll start good but then I'll loose it"

**
REPLY
12. Thought So, 2017
"Eboni Pride that's my problem with any style lol, I can do Bantu knots, braids, twists, you name it! Ask me to part? It's over"

**
REPLY
13. Nicole Raheem, 2018
"Beautifully Eboni Use Two Tall Mirrors, one placed in front of you, one placed in the back and
one small mirror to check what you're doing effortlessly"

**
14. Aguibou jalloh, 2018
"Oh my black African queen your too much i love your so much your hairstyles is number one beby you are too beautiful i am fulani boy from guinea live in Germany i really love fulani girls"

-snip-
Click https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=46A9wt5X2-w for an August 7, 2017video by LavishlyBritt .Here's an excerpt from the summary for that video: "Here is a video that shows 7 different ways to style fulani braids to make the style a little more fun. I know us girls, love to switch up our hair a lot somtimes. So here is my way to spice up thr newest trending hairstyle. demonstrates different styles."

Notice that this blogger refers to "Fulani braids" as "the newest trending hairstyle". Undoubtedly, that blogger meant that this hairstyle was the newest trend in the United States, and not among Fulani people in Africa. And even in the United States, all versions of "Fulani braid" hairstyles aren't that new in the United States, since long braids (made with hair "extensions") with beads or cowrie shells were worn by African American performers such as Patrice Rushen, Hazel Payne, and Stevie Wonder in the mid 1970s and 1980s.

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This concludes this pancocojams series.

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